FIFA directly handles the anti-doping programmes for all FIFA competitions, so any player participating in a FIFA competition may be required to undergo a doping control at any time. FIFA collects both blood and urine samples as well as screening for substances such as erythropoietin (EPO) and human growth hormone. FIFA adopts a no-advance notice testing policy for both in- and out-of-competition testing.
To conduct anti-doping tests in and out of competition, FIFA has a network of trained doping control officers (DCOs) around the world, who are all medical doctors. New DCOs follow FIFA’s in-depth training programme and all DCOs are subject to regular audits by the FIFA Anti-Doping Unit to ensure a high standard of procedure and uniformity. All analysis of the samples is carried out in WADA-accredited laboratories.
Anti-doping controls at confederation and national levels are directly handled by the confederations, the member associations (MAs) and/or the national anti-doping agencies. FIFA makes sure that the MA and confederation Anti-Doping Regulations are in line with ours by overseeing the result management at different levels of football, including potential appeals to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.