The logos for the FIFA U-20 World Cup Turkey 2013 host cities, Antalya, Bursa, Gaziantep, Kayseri, Istanbul, Rise and Trabzon, which will be used during the tournament - taking place between 21 June and 13 July this year - have been unveiled. The logos, which were designed in order to best visually describe and introduce the host cities to the world, have the following background information:

Antalya: The land of oranges
As one of the world’s most important tourist destinations, welcoming around ten million tourists annually, Antalya’s logo contains an orange, which is the most commonly found fruit in the city. With its agricultural potential and ecological suitability, Antalya enjoys a key status in Turkish agriculture and is known as the city in which most oranges are produced. In this context, the fruit lends its name to the biggest film festival in Turkey, the Golden Orange Film Festival, which is held in Antalya every year, as well as several other events organised in the city. The vivid and mostly red colours in the Antalya city logo help symbolises a hot climate, which in summer can soar beyond 40 degrees Celsius.

Bursa: Mount Uludag and green
With a population of over 2.5 million, Bursa is one of the most populated and industrialised metropolises in Turkey. Bursa’s city logo symbolises Uludağ, which is a famous ski resort. Uludağ is known too for its nature parks and pine trees, and those elements have also been included in the logo design. What is more, the main colour of the logo is green, a choice that reflects the city’s nickname of ‘Green Bursa’.

Gaziantep: Two symbols of the city
Gaziantep is one of the oldest cities in the South-eastern Anatolia region and has a rich and deep-rooted culture. The city logo reflects this history, containing as it does the ‘Gypsy Girl’ mosaic from the ancient city of Zeugma, which lies in the Nizip district of Gaziantep and is seen to be the symbol of the city. In addition to all the myths and hearsay that surround the figure and its gender, it is should be borne in mind the ‘Gypsy Girl’ name comes from the depiction’s hair plaits. Below the mosaic in the design lies Gaziantep Castle, which is located on top of the hills in the city centre and was used as a lookout post during the Roman period. However, it is still unknown who constructed the castle. In the logo, the ‘Gypsy Girl’ mosaic rises above Gaziantep Castle and also symbolizes the Sun.

Istanbul: The Maiden’s Tower and historical peninsula
Connecting the continents of Europe and Asia, Istanbul is at the heart of Turkey’s economy, culture and history and has an estimated population of some 14 million. Its city logo first catches the eye thanks to the image of the Maiden’s Tower. This tower, which hails from the Byzantine Empire, is one of the leading tourist locations in the city and is subject to a lot of myths surrounding the purpose of its construction. In the design, it was symbolised in a navy blue colour while the Sea of Marmara, where the Maiden’s Tower can be found, was depicted in the logo using various colours. At the back of the logo is a portrait of the city’s historical peninsula, featuring the Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia and Topkapı Palace.

Kayseri: Mount Erciyes
One of the most important trade centres in the history of Anatolia and dating back over 4,000 years, Kayseri’s logo contains Mount Erciyes, which is just adjacent to the city. Erciyes is also one of the country’s most prominent ski resorts, and a leading winter-tourism destination from December through to May.

Rize: Rain and tea
Rize’s logo fittingly features rain, as this eastern Black Sea city experiences heavy rainfall throughout the year. The city is home to the biggest tea gardens in the world and produces enough tea for the whole country. This attribute of the city has been depicted by a tea leaf that can be found on the left edge of the logo. Just next to that, the city’s natural beauty has been hinted at thanks to the image of green mountains.

Trabzon: Kemençe and anchovies
One of the coastal cities in the eastern Black Sea region, Trabzon’s city logo contains two figures which are very specific to the city. At the top lies the three-stringed bowed musical instrument called the Kemençe, which is the most common and traditional instrument in the eastern Black Sea region. Also featuring in the design in the anchovy, which is city’s most important sea food and almost synonymous with the city itself. Anchovies are used as a main ingredient in many of the traditional foods prepared in Trabzon.