The experienced defenders were named in a 26-man squad by coach Holger Osieck on Thursday as Australia bid for a top two place in Group B and automatic qualification for Brazil 2014.
Neill, a veteran of 89 internationals, missed the Socceroos' 2-2 home draw with Oman in March through suspension, which left them outside the automatic qualifying positions in third, while Qatar-based Ognenovski was not chosen.
Osieck also recalled Japan-based Nagoya Grampus striker Josh Kennedy and named uncapped young Germany-based goalkeeper Mitchell Langerak in his squad.
"Lucas and Sasa have played together for a number of games. We need that kind of strength," Osieck told reporters.
"We have to go with a couple of (experienced) boys who have already been there, who know what is demanded and it would be unfair to young talented players to put the entire burden on their shoulders, so you always have to have the right mix."
Also included were New York Red Bulls attacker Tim Cahill, playmaker Mark Bresciano, Aston Villa midfielder Brett Holman, veteran Fulham goalkeeper Mark Schwarzer and Dinamo Moscow defender Luke Wilkshire.
Osieck also named seven domestic A-League players in Ivan Franjic, Eugene Galekovic, Mark Milligan, Jade North, Archie Thompson, Michael Thwaite and Dario Vidosic.
"The last match against Oman was not the efficient performance I expected ... we fought back for a point and I know everybody considers it a loss and we dropped two points," Osieck said.
"But the determination and attitude in that second half was so positive that I am encouraged to look forward to the upcoming games."
Australia face group leaders Japan in Saitama on 4 June and round off their qualifiers against Jordan in Melbourne on 11 June and Iraq in Sydney on 18 June.