Rafik Halliche started out his career in Algeria at the age of 18 when he joined NA Hussein Dey in 2004. Four years and 44 appearances later, and after many European sides expressed interest in the young defender, Halliche chose to move to Portugal and signed a 4-year contract with Portuguese giants Benfica. The Eagles in turn immediately loaned him out to another Portuguese side Nacional, where he continues to play on loan until the present day.
On the international level, Halliche made his debut for the national team during the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ qualification campaign, as he came on to replace Antar Yehia in a game against Senegal on the 31st of May 2008, which ended in a 0-1 loss for the Algerians. He has continued to appear regularly with the Desert Foxes ever since, and he scored his only goal for the national team in their 1-0 victory over Mali at the 2010 CAF Africa Cup on Nations, which proved to be decisive as it was what took Algeria to the next round after losing to Malawi and drawing with Angola previously in the group stage.