Church Square is situated in the centre of Pretoria and is regarded as the cradle of the city that eventually developed into Pretoria. Church Square owes its name to the fact that it was originally a marketplace where farmers gathered with their ox-wagons and tents at the time of ‘nagmaal' or Holy Communion.
National Zoological Gardens of South Africa
The National Zoological Gardens of South Africa is the largest zoo in the country and the only one with national status. The 80 hectare zoo houses 2,586 specimens and is visited by more than 600,000 people annually. It features a reptile park and the largest inland marine aquarium in the country.
The Union Buildings
Tshwane's most famous landmark, the imposing Union Buildings, stands majestically on Meintjieskop overlooking thh city. The Union Buildings symbolise the authority of the state and the status of this city as the headquarters of the national government. The Union Buildings are the venue for national ceremonies and were the venue for the inauguration of Nelson Mandela as President of the Government of National Unity in April 1994.
Freedom Park is a 52 hectare site located on Salvokop that offers a panoramic view of Tshwane/Pretoria and its famous landmarks. Freedom Park is a heritage site which provides a new perspective on South Africa's history and honours the heroes and heroines in the struggle for equality and freedom. This core theme is embedded in the park and symbolises the connections between South Africans of all backgrounds and ages.
The Voortrekker Monument
The Voortrekker Monument is perched on top of one of the many hills that surround Pretoria. It was designed by the renowned South African architect Gerard Moerdijk with the goal of creating a memorial that would last 1,000 years and explain the history and meaning of the Great Trek. The Voortrekker Monument commemorates the estimated 15,000 pioneers of mainly French, German and Dutch descent who left the Cape around 1835 to travel by ox-wagon to the interior of the country, in search of independence and freedom from colonial rule.