It will mean an extended end to the season for Robben, who is expected to feature for Bayern Munich in the UEFA Champions League final against Borussia Dortmund on Saturday.
Van Persie will have had a little more rest after the Premier League season finished last Sunday with the striker having been part of Manchester United's title-winning team. It was the 29-year-old's first silverware since he won the FA Cup with Arsenal in 2005.
Other established players called up by manager Louis van Gaal include Fenerbahce's Dirk Kuyt, Wesley Sneijder of Galatasaray and Hamburg's Rafael van der Vaart.
Van Gaal has, though, handed first call-ups to Lerin Duarte, Miquel Nelom, Dwight Tiendalli and Jens Toornstra.
The Oranje travel to Jakarta to take on the Indonesians on Friday 7 June, before moving on to Beijing where they will face the Chinese the following Tuesday.
Goalkeepers: Michel Vorm (Swansea City), Kenneth Vermeer (Ajax), Jasper Cillessen (Ajax)
Defenders: John Heitinga (Everton), Erik Pieters (PSV), Dwight Tiendalli (Swansea City), Ron Vlaar (Aston Villa), Daryl Janmaat (Feyenoord), Miquel Nelom (Feyenoord)
Midfielders: Lerin Duarte (Heracles Almelo), Jonathan de Guzman (Swansea City), Jens Toornstra (FC Utrecht), Ruben Schaken (Feyenoord), Wesley Sneijder (Galatasaray), Rafael van der Vaart (Hamburg)
Forwards: Siem de Jong (Ajax), Dirk Kuyt (Fenerbahce), Jeremain Lens (PSV), Robin van Persie (Manchester United), Arjen Robben (Bayern Munich), Ricky van Wolfswinkel (Sporting).