Queens Park Rangers midfielder Joey Barton was charged with two counts of violent conduct by the Football Association on Monday following his red card against Manchester City on Sunday.
Barton was sent off for elbowing Carlos Tevez and then kicked Sergio Aguero before attempting to headbutt Vincent Kompany.
The FA said in a statement: "The FA has today [Monday] charged Queens Park Rangers midfielder Joey Barton in relation to two acts of alleged violent conduct during Sunday's match against Manchester City at the Etihad Stadium.
"Following the player's dismissal in the 54th minute of the fixture, there followed two incidents involving Manchester City's Sergio Aguero and Vincent Kompany," the statement went on. "As Barton had already been dismissed, both of these incidents fell outside of the jurisdiction of the referee."
Barton has until 6pm local time (1700GMT) on Tuesday to respond to the charges.
Earlier, QPR's Malaysian owner Tony Fernandes said manager Mark Hughes would decide what punishment, if any, the club would impose on Barton following the player's latest red card. The incident came in a match where victory gave City the Premier League title and Rangers avoided relegation despite the final-day defeat.