Moncton
© LOC

History
The city of Moncton is set in the geographical centre of the Maritimes, located near the Petitcodiac River, which translates from Mi’Kmaq to “the river that bends like a bow.” The area was originally inhabited by the nomadic Mi’Kmaq, who stayed along the river during the summer as they remained mobile and did not have permanent settlements. French Acadian pioneers would later settle in the area of current day Moncton in 1733 and named their settlement Le Coude.

In 1755, nearby Fort Beausejour was captured by English forces under the command of Lt. Col. Robert Monckton and the region would fall under English control. Later that year, a decree was issued by Governor Charles Lawrence ordering the expulsion of the Acadians from the Maritimes. In 1766, Philadelphia Dutch settlers arrived to re-establish the pre-existing farming community at Le Coude. The settlers consisted of eight families; Heinrick Stief (Steeves), Jacob Treitz (Trites), Matthias Sommer (Somers), Jacob Reicker (Ricker), Charles Jones, George Wortmann (Wortman), Michael Lutz (Lutes) and George Koppel (Copple). There is a plaque dedicated in their honor at the mouth of what is now known as Hall's Creek. They renamed the settlement The Bend.

A significant wooden shipbuilding industry had developed in the community by the mid-19th century, allowing for incorporation in 1855, but the shipbuilding economy collapsed in the 1860s. The town subsequently lost its charter in 1862 but regained it in 1875 when the community's economy rebounded, mainly due to a growing railway industry. In 1871, the Intercolonial Railway of Canada chose Moncton to be its headquarters, and Moncton remained a railroad town for well over a century until the closure of the Canadian National Railway (CNR) locomotive shops in the late 1980s.

Although the economy of Moncton was traumatised twice (by the collapse of the shipbuilding industry in the 1860s and by the closure of the CNR locomotive shops in the 1980s) the city was able to rebound strongly on both occasions. The city adopted the motto Resurgo (Latin for “rise again”) after its rebirth as a railway town. At present, the city's economy is stable and diversified, primarily based on its traditional transportation, distribution, retailing and commercial heritage, but also supplemented by strength in the educational, health care, financial, information technology and insurance sectors. The strength of the economy has received national recognition and the local unemployment rate is consistently less than the national average.

Portrait
Consistently rated as one of the best places to live in Canada, Moncton, New Brunswick is the fastest growing urban centre in the Maritime Provinces and east of Saskatchewan. With a metro population of more than 138,000 and another 1.5 million people living within a two-hour drive of the city, Moncton has a long history of drawing large crowds, making regional, national and international events even more successful. From successfully hosting record-breaking tours featuring the Rolling Stones, Eagles, AC/DC and U2 at the now famous Magnetic Hill Concert Site, to hosting two regular season CFL games and the IAAF World Junior Track and Field Championships, Moncton is the home of premier events in Atlantic Canada.

Canada’s first officially bilingual city, Moncton is located  at the geographic centre of Atlantic Canada, earning it the nickname 'Hub-City' and is central  to two contrasting coasts; the rugged beauty of the Fundy Coast (home of the highest tides in the world), and the picturesque Acadian Coast (with the warmest saltwater beaches north of Virginia).

Moncton is the sophisticated entertainment capital of New Brunswick. It brings a chic, urban feel with some of the province's finest dining, such as The Windjammer, one of Canada's top ten hotel restaurants (Hotelier Magazine and features “From Farm to Fork”“ The 100 Mile Menu”). Vibrant nightlife and strong cultural diversity provides colourful entertainment and festivals of all kinds. Moncton is a safe city with a welcoming, friendly atmosphere and has been voted the most polite and honest city in North America by Reader's Digest. As a leader in a nationwide green effort, Moncton is a city that is not only growing in population but in reputation. Moncton offers something for everyone.

Sights
·         Petitcodiac Tidal Bore
·         Magnetic Hill
·         Parlee Beach
·         Moncton Museum and Transportation Discovery Centre
·         Centennial Park
·         Crystal Palace Amusement Park
·         Magic Mountain Water Park

Football
Soccer New Brunswick is the governing body for soccer in the province and promotes the game throughout New Brunswick. The non-profit organisation was established in 1965 and aims to enable the development and growth of soccer across the province. Codiac Soccer Moncton is the regional body for the game in the city.

Moncton Stadium is the home of the Universite de Moncton Aigles Bleu(e)s men’s and women’s soccer programs.