Lankaran is a small seaside city near the southern border with Iran and has a population of 45,000. The city was built on a swamp along the northern bank of the river bearing the city's name. The region surrounding Lankaran is an important producer of spring and winter vegetables. Rice, grapes, tobacco, citrus trees and oak woods all thrive in the warm climate. However the main and most famous crop is tea, which is processed at the local tea factories. Other industries are centred on food processing, furniture, silk, wood and fine carpets.

The beaches near Lankaran are sandy and pleasant. Thermal sulphide, chloride and sodium-calcium waters of the Andjin mineral springs are situated 12 km to the West from the town. In the same area, the ruins of Ballabur castle can be found, near the village of the same name. The climate of Lankaran is humid and subtropical. The winter is temperate, summer is dry and autumn is particularly rainy. The average yearly temperature is 14°C. January is the coldest (3-4°C average) and July the warmest (25°C on average) months of the year.

Hunting and rice growing were the traditional ways of life for residents of Lankaran in the ancient periods. Later on, the inhabitants of the region were involved in the cultivation of flax, silkworm breeding, cattle breeding, bee-keeping and fishing. Blacksmiths, jewellery-makers, ship builders and potters turned the city into a land of craftsmen.

Lankaran is commonly referred to as the land of citric plants. Pheikhoa, lemon, orange, mandarin and other citric fruits are all produced in the area. The construction of the Lankaran Cannery for Fruits and Vegetable production was a big step in the development of this field.