The win secured second place in Group A for Bryan Rosenfeld’s side and set up a last-eight meeting with Korea DPR, which will take place in Baku on Thursday.
In terms of participation, the tournament is now over for the hosts, following three successive defeats and failure to register any goals.
Aware that victory would guarantee them a spot in the quarter-finals, Canada kicked off the match with attacking intent as forward pair Amandine Pierre-Louis and Nichelle Prince caused problems for the hosts.
The latter almost gave her team an advantage shortly after the half-hour mark when she beat a defender and shot towards goal, but her effort travelled wide.
The home side’s resistance broke within minutes of the second half beginning, however. Prince found Pierre-Louis with a cross from the left and when the latter’s effort was parried by Aytaj Sarifova, Sanderson tapped the ball in.
Canada remained dominant in the second half without adding to the scoresheet, although Pierre-Louis hit the post with a header and Prince tested Sarifova.
"I have to compliment Azerbaijan. The players played very well, they can be proud of what they did today. We could only score one goal, and this is beacuse their goalkeeper was performing very well." Bryan Rosenfeld, coach of Canada