Manchester United star Anderson and Liverpool midfielder Lucas are also included along with new Manchester City striker Jo, as is Fluminense defender Thiago Neves, a losing Copa Libertadores finalist this season.
Brazil compete in Group C in Beijing where they face Belgium on 7 August, as well as hosts China and New Zealand.
Goalkeepers: Diego (Almeria, ESP), Renan (Internacional)
Defenders: Marcelo (Real Madrid, ESP), Ilsinho (Shakhtar Donetsk, UKR), Rafinha (Schalke 04, GER), Thiago Silva (Fluminense), Alex Silva (Sao Paulo), Breno (Bayern Munich, GER).
Midfielders: Lucas (Liverpool, ENG), Anderson (Manchester United, ENG), Hernanes (Sao Paulo), Ronaldinho (Barcelona, ESP), Diego (Werder Bremen, GER), Thiago Neves (Fluminense).
Strikers: Robinho (Real Madrid, ESP), Alexandre Pato (AC Milan, ITA), Rafael Sobis (Real Betis, ESP), Jo (Manchester City, ENG).