The final day of the annual summer transfer window was marked by the usual glut of late deals as Europe's clubs moved to strengthen their squads. FIFA.com rounds up the most notable last-minute moves across the continent.
With their transfer markets staying open 18 hours longer than in the rest of Europe, it proved to be a typically hectic closing day in England and Scotland.
Having made a perfect start to the Premier League season, Tottenham signed Croatian midfielder Niko Kranjcar from Portsmouth in a bid to maintain their lofty position. Marooned at the other end of the table, Pompey have endured a nightmare start. Hoping to shore up their leaky rearguard, the south coast side acquired the services of Israeli defender Tal Ben Haim and French-Algerian midfielder Hassan Yebda from Manchester City and Benfica respectively.
Everton and Bolton Wanderers, who have hardly fared much better in the opening weeks of the campaign, turned to some experienced players who are newcomers to the English league. Dutch international Johnny Heitinga failed to impress with Atletico Madrid but will be aiming to make the grade for the Merseysiders, while Croatian striker Ivan Klasnic is back in top-flight football at Bolton after suffering relegation with French club Nantes last season.
Other sides to make a move were Aston Villa, who snapped up centre-halves James Collins and Richard Dunne, while neighbours Birmingham City agreed terms with Sunderland's Finnish midfielder Teemu Tainio. One man arriving at the Stadium of Light is Michael Turner from Hull City, with Republic of Ireland international Paul McShane heading in the opposite direction.
Finally, Premier League new boys Wolverhampton Wanderers will be hoping Austrian striker Stefan Maierhofer and Ecuadorian midfielder Segundo Castillo, respective signings from Rapid Vienna and Crvena Zvezda, can make telling contributions to their survival bid.
It's a new challenge for me. This is a club with a great history and I intend to
bring my experience to bear and score lots of goals.
In the biggest deals of the day north of the border, Celtic recruited China captain Zheng Zhi on a free transfer, while Rangers drafted in French midfielder Jerome Rothen on loan from Paris St Germain.
Staying in France, Eidur Gudjohnsen swapped the Barcelona bench for Monaco as he seeks to revive his career. "It's a new challenge for me," said the Iceland striker on arriving in the principality. "This is a club with a great history and I intend to bring my experience to bear and score lots of goals."
Gudjohnsen will be teaming up with midfielder Mathieu Coutadeur, a new recruit from Le Mans, where his place will be taken by the Senegalese Badara Sene, who arrives from Sochaux. Completing the French round of musical chairs is former Olympique Marseille youth product Benjamin Gavanon, who makes the short trip to Sochaux from Nancy.
On the other side of the Rhine, Hertha Berlin have pulled out all the stops as they seek to make up for a dreadful start in the Bundesliga, bringing in Florian Kringe from Borussia Dortmund, Colombian goalgetter Adrian Ramos from America Cali and Brazilian midfielder Cesar from Dubai's Al Ahli. Elsewhere in Germany, Hoffenheim welcomed Finnish defender Jukka Raitala from HJK Helsinki, and bade farewell to their Brazilian striker Wellington, who has joined Heerenveen, while Stuttgart bolstered their midfield by luring Serbia international Zdravko Kuzmanovic from Fiorentina.
That was not La Viola's only piece of transfer business. The Tuscan side arranged a swap deal with West Ham United, with French-born Portuguese defender Manuel Da Costa trading places with Germany U-20 winger Savio Nsereko, who made only a handful of appearances for the Londoners last season.
The headline story in Italy was the return of Fabio Grosso from Lyon, a move that should increase his chances of making the trip to South Africa at the end of the season. The left-back ought to have little difficulty slotting into a Juventus defensive unit that contains international team-mates Gianluigi Buffon, Fabio Cannavaro and Giorgio Chiellini. Another prodigal son making a return home is Cristian Zaccardo, who has put pen to paper for Parma after helping Wolfsburg become German champions.
After a hectic summer it proved to be a relatively quiet end to the transfer window in Spain. Among the most eyecatching moves were full-back Miguel Torres' switch from Real Madrid to Getafe, and Villarreal's purchase of Argentinian defender Mateo Musacchio from River Plate, the latest addition to the Yellow Submarine's ever-growing South American contingent.
Our transfer round-up ends in the Netherlands, where Ajax made a late double swoop, landing the free-scoring Serb Marko Pantelic, a big hit in his four seasons with Hertha Berlin, and Brazilian seal-dribble specialist Kerlon, who had little chance to display his skills with Inter Milan.