On 4 February 1999, a Lausanne declaration on Doping in Sport was presented to the IOC and international sport federations that an independent International Anti-Doping Agency should be established and fully operational by the Olympic Games in Sydney 2000. The result of the Lausanne Declaration was the establishment of the World Anti-Doping Agency WADA on 10 November 1999 to promote and coordinate the fight against doping in sport.
FIFA has repeatedly voiced and given its support of the World Anti-Doping Agency. FIFA's medical-legal experts contributed significantly to the improvement of the World Anti-Doping Code particularly in versions 1 and 2.
From the outset, FIFA adhered to the principles of fault and individual case management as essentials of its Doping Control Regulations. In its legal opinion published in April 2006, the Court of Arbitration in Sports (CAS) explicitly confirmed FIFA's practice of individual case management when sanctioning doping offences. In addition, the CAS noted that FIFA's principle of individual case management complies with the World Anti-Doping Code.
It also ruled that FIFA's provisions with regard to the fight against doping and the sanctioning of doping offences are, to the greatest possible extent, in line with the World Anti-Doping Code, and that they are also fully in line with Swiss law.
It is important to regularly reflect on the feasibility and applicability of the World Anti-Doping Code based upon the analysis of the incidence and management of positive doping cases amongst the member associations. The nature of doping varies considerably among team and individual sports as well as within their disciplines. These specific situations have to be carefully considered when the WADA code aims at unification.