When FIFA introduced doping controls in 1966, it was one of the first international sports governing bodies to acknowledge the problem and to introduce active measures to combat it.
FIFA has a clear vision: to keep football free of doping. It is FIFA’s duty to protect players from harm and ensure that footballers can compete on an even playing field. Since FIFA is dealing with ambitious and independent individuals, its anti-doping strategy relies on education and prevention. FIFA respects the dignity and private life of each player who is subject to testing.
FIFA bases any decisions related to their anti-doping programme on the specifics of the game, scientific evidence and analysis of validated doping statistics. FIFA’s responsibility in the fight against doping is acknowledged by stringent doping control regulations, ongoing data collection and support of evidence-based research. FIFA is a reliable partner of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) in the much-needed worldwide collaboration to safeguard the health of athletes and the spirit of fair competition.
According to the WADA statistic, football is the sport with the highest number of doping samples with approximately 30,000 samples per year on average. The total annual number of samples collected and analysed in football allows the calculation of the incidence of positive samples. In total, football shows a low overall incidence of positive samples – well below 0.45% over the years (2011 - 0.42%, 2012 - 0.40%, 2013 - 0.29%, 2014 - 0.20%, 2015 - 0.24%).
In 2015, 32,362 doping tests were performed in football worldwide. According to the FIFA doping control database, 78 samples (0.24%) tested positive as shown in the following table.
FIFA directly handles the anti-doping programmes for all FIFA competitions and sets the anti-doping regulations that apply to all football competitions worldwide. Anti-doping controls at confederations and national levels are directly handled by the confederations, the member associations and/or the national anti-doping agencies while FIFA oversees the result management, including potential appeals to the Court of Arbitration for Sports.