Desmond Mpilo Tutu was born on 7 October 1931 in Klerksdorp. He was a fierce campaigner against the apartheid government of South Africa. He was originally a teacher, but as the apartheid government of South Africa began to blatantly implement inferior education for black students, he resigned as he felt could not be part of an education system which would prepare black students for an inferior role in society. He opted to become a student in the Anglican ministry and in 1961 became a priest.
In 1978, Tutu became the general secretary of the South African Council of Churches (SACC). This gave him greater political power to stand in opposition to apartheid as he was supported by the churches affiliated to the SACC. Tutu travelled extensively between 1970 and 1990, campaigning for the civil rights of the marginalised black population of South Africa.
Always at the forefront of progressive leadership, Tutu became the first black Archbishop of Cape Town. This was symbolic at the time, as Tutu was now the head of the Anglican Church in South Africa, while apartheid policies were in full effect. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for his efforts and was also the recipient of the Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitariasm.
After the end of apartheid, Tutu oversaw the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Tutu has a close relationship with FIFA World Cups™. He was an active campaigner for South Africa, turning up for the announcement of the 2010 FIFA World Cup hosts and also the Preliminary Draw for the 2006 FIFA World Cup™ in Germany.
There is a band named after him called Desmond and the Tutu's.