The History of the Laws of the Game - 2001-2006
© Getty Images

2001

LAW 3 - The Number of Players

A team official may convey tactical instructions to the players during the match and must return to his position after doing so. All team officials must remain within the confines of the technical area, where such an area is provided, and they must behave in a responsible manner.

LAW 12 - Fouls and Misconduct

Only a player or substitute or substituted player may be shown the red or yellow card.

A player who has been sent off must leave the vicinity of the field of play and the
technical area.

Procedures to determine the winner of a match
The Golden Goal and taking kicks from the penalty mark are methods of determining the winning team where competition rules require there to be a winning team after a match has been drawn.

The Golden Goal
Procedure
During the period of extra time played at the end of normal playing time, the team
which scores the first goal is declared the winner.

If no goals are scored the match is decided by kicks from the penalty mark

2002

LAW 4 - The Players' Equipment

• Advertising is permitted only on the players' jerseys. It may not be worn on
shorts, stockings or footwear.
• Players must not reveal undershirts, which contain slogans or advertising.
A player removing his jersey to reveal slogans or advertising will be sanctioned
by the competition organiser.
• Jerseys must have sleeves.

LAW 5 - The Referee

Stops the match if, in his opinion, a player is seriously injured and ensures that he is removed from the field of play. An injured player may only return to the field of play after the match has restarted.

LAW 12 - Fouls and Misconduct

Indirect Free-Kick
An indirect free-kick is awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper, inside his own penalty area, commits any of the following four offences:

2003

LAW 4 - The Players' Equipment

Players must not reveal undershirts which contain slogans or advertising. A player removing his jersey to reveal slogans or advertising will be sanctioned by the competition organiser.

Jerseys must have sleeves.

The Board agreed to remove the bullet point which permitted advertising only on players' jerseys.

The Fourth Official
The fourth official may be appointed under the competition rules and officiates if any ofthe three match officials is unable to continue . He assists the referee at all times.

He must indicate to the referee when the wrong player is cautioned because of mistaken identity or when a player is not sent off having been seen to be given a second caution or when violent conduct occurs out of the view of the referee and assistant referees. The referee, however, retains the authority to decide on all points connected with play.

Procedures to determine the winner of a match - Kicks from the Penalty Mark
The referee tosses a coin and the team whose captain wins the toss decides whether to take the first or the second kick.

Additional Instructions for Referees, Assistant Referees and Fourth Officials
The Penalty-Kick
It is an infringement to enter the penalty area before the kick has been taken. The goalkeeper also infringes the Laws if he moves from his goal-line before the ball has been kicked. Referees must ensure that when players infringe this Law appropriate action is taken.

2004

LAW 1 - The Field of Play

Matches may be played on natural or artificial surfaces, according to the rules of the competition.

Where artificial surfaces are used in either competition matches between representative teams of associations affiliated to FIFA or international club competition matches, the surface must meet the requirements of the FIFA Quality Concept for Artificial Turf or the International Artificial Turf Standard, unless special dispensation is given by FIFA.

Where a technical area exists, it must meet the requirements approved by the International FA Board, which are contained in this publication.

LAW 3 - The Number of Players

Other matches
In other matches, up to six substitutes may be used.

LAW 5 - The Referee

International FA Board Decision 2
In tournaments or competitions where a fourth official is appointed, his role and duties must be in accordance with the guidelines approved by the International FA Board, which are contained in this publication.

LAW 7 - The Duration of the Match

Extra Time
Competition rules may provide for two further equal periods to be played.
The conditions of Law 8 will apply.

LAW 10 - The Method of Scoring

Competition Rules
When competition rules require there to be a winning team after a match has been drawn, only the following procedures, which have been approved by the International FA Board, are permitted.
• Away goals rule
• Extra time
• Kicks from the penalty mark

Only procedures to determine the winner of a match, which are approved by the International FA Board and contained in this publication, are permitted in competition rules.

Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct

A player who removes his jersey when celebrating a goal must be cautioned for unsporting behaviour.

Procedures to determine the winner of a game
Away goals, extra time and taking kicks from the penalty mark are methods of determining the winning team where competition rules require there to be a winning team after a match has been drawn.

Away Goals
Competition rules may provide that where teams play each other home and away, if the scores are equal after the second match, any goals scored at the ground of the opposing team will count double.

Extra Time
Competition rules may provide for two further equal periods, not exceeding 15 minutes each, to be played. The conditions of Law 8 will apply.

2005

LAW 3 - The number of players

In national A team matches, up to a maximum of six substitutes may be used
In all other matches, a greater number of substitutes may be used provided that:
• the teams concerned reach agreement on a maximum number;
• the referee is informed before the match.

If the referee is not informed, or if no agreement is reached before the match, no more than six substitutes are allowed.

LAW 3 - The number of players

Infringements/Sanctions
Play is restarted with an indirect free-kick at the place the ball was located when play was stopped.

LAW 5 - The Referee

Decisions of the Referee
The referee may only change a decision on realising that it is incorrect or, at his discretion, on the advice of an assistant referee, provided that he has not restarted play or terminated the match.

LAW 11 - Offside

In the definition of offside position, "nearer to his opponents' goal line" means that any part of his head, body or feet is nearer to his opponents' goal-line than both the ball and the second last opponent. The arms are not included in this definition.

The definitions of elements of involvement in active play are as follows:
• Interfering with play means playing or touching the ball passed or touched by a team-mate.
• Interfering with an opponent means preventing an opponent from playing or being able to play the ball by clearly obstructing the opponent's line of vision or movements or making a gesture or movement which, in the opinion of the referee, deceives or distracts an opponent.
• Gaining an advantage by being in that position means playing a ball that rebounds to him off a goal post or the crossbar having been in an offside position or playing a ball that rebounds to him off an opponent having been in an offside position.

LAW 12 - Fouls and Misconduct

Disciplinary sanctions
Only a player or substitute or substituted player may be shown the red or yellow card.

The referee has the authority to take disciplinary sanctions, as from the moment he enters the field of play until he leaves the field of play after the final whistle.

A tackle, which endangers the safety of an opponent, must be sanctioned as serious foul play.

LAW 14 - The Penalty-Kick

Infringements/Sanctions
If the ball does not enter the goal, the referee stops play and restarts the match with an indirect free-kick to the defending team.

A team-mate of the player taking the kick enters the penalty area or moves in front of or within 9.15m (10 yds) of the penalty mark:

If the ball does not enter the goal, the referee stops play and restarts the match with an indirect free-kick to the defending team.

LAW 15 - The Throw-In

At the moment of delivering the ball, the thrower:
• faces the field of play;
• has part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch line;
• uses both hands;
• delivers the ball from behind and over his head.

The thrower may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player .
All opponents must stand no less than 2 metres from the point at which the throw-in
is taken.

The ball is in play immediately it enters the field of play.

2006

LAW 4 - The Players' Equipment

The basic compulsory equipment of a player comprises the following separate items:
• a jersey or shirt;
• shorts - if thermal under-shorts are worn, they are of the same main colour as the shorts;
• stockings;
• shinguards;
• footwear

LAW 10 - The Method of Scoring

When competition rules require there to be a winning team after a match or home-and-away tie has been drawn, only the following procedures, which have been approved by the International FA Board, are permitted:
• Away goals rule
• Extra time
• Kicks from the penalty mark

LAW 12 - Fouls and Misconduct

Cautionable Offences
A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following seven offences:
1. is guilty of unsporting behaviour
2. shows dissent by word or action
3. persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
4. delays the restart of play
5. fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner-kick, free-kick or throw-in
6. enters or re-enters the field of play without the referee's permission
7. deliberately leaves the field of play without the referee's permission .

A substitute or substituted player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following three offences:
1. is guilty of unsporting behaviour
2. shows dissent by word or action
3. delays the restart of play

LAW 12 - Fouls and Misconduct

Sending-Off Offences
A player, substitute or substituted player is sent off and shown the red card if he commits any of the following seven offences:
1. is guilty of serious foul play
2. is guilty of violent conduct
3. spits at an opponent or any other person
4. denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goalscoring opportunity by
deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply to a goalkeeper within his
own penalty area)
5. denies an obvious goalscoring opportunity to an opponent moving
towards the player's goal by an offence punishable by a free-kick or a penalty-kick
6. uses offensive or insulting or abusive language and/or gestures
7. receives a second caution in the same match.

A player, substitute or substituted player who has been sent off and shown the red card must leave the vicinity of the field of play and the technical area

LAW 14 - The Penalty-Kick

Infringements/Sanctions
If the referee gives the signal for a penalty-kick to be taken and, before the ball is in play, one of the following situations occurs:

The player taking the penalty-kick infringes the Laws of the Game :
• the referee allows the kick to proceed
• if the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken
• if the ball does not enter the goal, the referee stops play and restarts the match with an indirect free kick, from the place where the infringement occurred, to the defending team

A team-mate of the player taking the kick infringes the Laws of the Game:
• the referee allows the kick to proceed
• If the ball enters the goal, the kick is retaken
• If the ball does not enter the goal, the referee stops play and restarts the
match with an indirect free-kick, from the place where the infringement occurred, to the defending team

A team-mate of the goalkeeper infringes the Laws of the Game:
• the referee allows the kick to proceed
• if the ball enters the goal, a goal is awarded
• if the ball does not enter the goal, the kick is retaken

LAW 17 - The Corner-Kick

Opponents remain at least 9 .15 m (10 yds) from the corner arc until the ball is in play.