FIFA Disciplinary Code
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FIFA's judicial bodies are its Disciplinary Committee and its Appeal Committee, as per article 43 of the FIFA statutes. Their functions are laid out in the FIFA Disciplinary Code (FDC). Members of these committees are appointed by the FIFA Executive Committee for renewable four year periods. Both committees are presided over by a Chairman and Deputy Chairman, both of whom have legal backgrounds.

In keeping with FIFA's policy regarding the separation of decision-making powers, members of these committees reach their decisions entirely independently. They receive no instructions from any other body, and may not sit on any other FIFA committee.