About FIFA Security
The FIFA Security Division was created on 1 June 2012 and is responsible for matters related to the integrity and protection of the game itself along with matters concerning match manipulation for sporting advantage (FIFA integrity initiative). It is also in charge of all safety and security matters related to FIFA competitions across the world, global security concepts for football in general, safety and security at FIFA’s headquarters in Zurich and for the FIFA President and the FIFA administration.
In recent years, football has been under sustained attack worldwide from organised crime, with criminal groups infiltrating clubs and football associations in order to entice players, referees and officials into manipulating the course of a football match by determining in advance the result or the dynamics of a game. Referees and players are tempting targets for match-fixers because their decisions can significantly alter a game’s outcome and the risks of being prosecuted are very low due to insubstantial evidence or legal loopholes. Thanks to the internet and the ability to bet on every possible outcome, the chances of making a massive financial profit are very high compared to the likelihood of getting caught, making the business of match manipulation irresistibly attractive to international organised crime. As a result, criminals are able to operate in a low-risk, high-profit environment. Someone who had been found guilty of match manipulation once told FIFA Security Director Ralf Mutschke that organised crime was currently moving away from its original criminal activities and into match manipulation as a direct result of this situation.
The integrity of football has come to the fore and is the focus of FIFA’s fight against the threat of match manipulation. FIFA’s objective is to safeguard, without compromise, fairness in football as well as the physical and moral integrity of sportsmen and women. FIFA has adopted a zero-tolerance approach towards match manipulation and started to take significant steps towards ensuring the integrity of football worldwide as early as 2005. FIFA’s subsidiary Early Warning System (EWS) was founded with the aim of monitoring FIFA competitions, identifying any irregular activity on the sports betting market and exposing potential manipulation attempts. In May 2011, the FIFA-INTERPOL initiative was established and recognises the complexity of corruption on a global scale. Its aim is to develop and implement global training, education and prevention measures to overcome illegal betting and match manipulation.
Launched in 2012, the FIFA integrity initiative embraces all 209 member associations and focuses on various aspects, including the five main areas of prevention, detection, intelligence gathering, investigation and sanctions, and the creation of a FIFA integrity team to analyse and assist member associations and confederations on request and establish basic structures and processes for fighting match manipulation. This integrated approach aims to cover a range of areas such as legal and disciplinary, security, betting monitoring, fraud detection and prevention, and involves reviewing policies and procedures, conducting analyses of threats and vulnerability and assessing the effectiveness of regulations and applicable laws against match manipulation at national and confederation level.
As sport cannot fight match manipulation alone, there is an urgent need for national and international governments to standardise their criminal laws by implementing more specific legislation on sports offences, including match manipulation, rather than relying on general legislation against corruption or fraud. If match manipulation is not addressed within international legal systems, police and law enforcement agencies will not investigate organised crime, fixers will not be prosecuted effectively and there will be no deterrent for criminals.
Every effort must be made to eradicate the problem of match manipulation and corruption in order to safeguard the credibility and integrity of the game, maintain confidence in the betting market and combat international organised crime.
Football’s strength comes from its integrity.
Safety and security at competitions
The full responsibility for all safety and security matters relating to a competition is borne by the host country/association. FIFA Security, through the Local Organising Committee (LOC), is responsible for private security in the perimeter of private places, such as the outer and inner perimeters of indoor stadiums, FIFA/LOC offices, teams’ and FIFA members’ hotels, and official training fields. While the responsibility of preparing for and organising a match lies with each host association, FIFA believes it also has a duty to assist its member associations as much as possible. The FIFA Stadium Safety and Security Regulations contain the minimum safety and security measures that event organisers and stadium authorities must take to ensure safety, security and order at the stadium.