Risk Factors and Causation of Injury
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In order to develop prevention programmes, firstly, the course of action leading to a specific injury and, secondly, any pre-existing risk factors that make an injury in a player more likely must be identified.

F-MARC analysed the risk factors by comparing baseline characteristics of injured and uninjured football players, as well as by video-analysis of injury sequences at FIFA competitions.

With respect to head impacts and head injuries, additional studies regarding biomechanical and biochemical aspects have been conducted.

Further, in view of the increasing spread of artificial turf pitches, the incidence and characteristics of injury on artificial as compared to natural grass have been assessed.